1 /splIt/ verb past tense and past participle splitpresent participle splitting
1 INTO GROUPS also split up (I, T) if a group of people splits or is split, it divides into two or more groups, because one group strongly disagrees with the other: The issue of women's ordination is splitting the church.
(+ over/on): The party split over segregation. | be split on/over: The National Defense Committee is split over the use of military force.
2 INTO PARTS also split up (I, T) to divide or separate something into different parts, or to be divided into different parts
(+ into): Each district was split up into a number of sub-divisions. | At the end of the bridge the expressway split into two roads.
3 BREAK OR TEAR (I, T) if something splits or if you split it, it tears or breaks along a straight line: Harry split his trousers climbing over the fence.
(+ open): One of the pumpkins had split open. | split (sth) in two/half: The board had split in two. | split (sth) down/across/along etc: He split the stone down the middle.
4 SHARE (T) to divide something into separate parts so that two or more people each get a part: split sth between: Profits will be split between three major charities. | split sth three/four etc ways (=into three, four, or more equal parts): I think we should split what's left three ways. | split the bill/cost: It's only fair to split the cost of the bills.
5 INJURE also split open (T) to cut someone's head or lip, by hitting them: The poor guy had his head split right open.
6 LEAVE (I) slang to leave quickly: They grabbed her purse and split.
7 split hairs to argue that there is a difference between two things, when the difference is really too small to be important: Let's stop splitting hairs and get back to the main issue.
8 split the difference to agree on an amount that is exactly between two amounts that have been mentioned: You want $20, I'm offering $10. Why don't we split the difference?
9 split your sides to laugh very hard
split off phrasal verb
1 (I) to completely separate from a group
(+ from): The ancestors of this animal split off from the rest and established themselves as an independent species.
2 (I, T) to break something away from something so that it is completely separate, or to break off in this way: Huge boulders had split off and rolled down the mountainside.
split on sb phrasal verb (T) informal especially BrE to tell someone in authority about something wrong that someone else has done: You wouldn't split on a pal would you? split up phrasal verb
1 (I) to end a marriage or relationship: Steve's parents split up when he was four.
(+ with): Jackie's splitting up with her boyfriend.
2 (I, T) to divide into groups: Please don't split up when we get to the museum. | split sth up: The teacher split up the class into three groups.
3 (transitive split something up) to divide or separate something into different parts: The article is easier to read if you split it up into sections.
2 noun (C)
1 a long straight hole caused when something breaks or tears: a split in the seat of his trousers
2 a serious disagreement that divides an organization or group of people into smaller groups: Arguments over admitting women to the club may lead to a split.
3 the part of something you receive when something, especially money, is shared: a three-way/four-way etc split (=a share of something that is divided equally between three, four etc people)
4 informal a difference between two things, ideas etc: the split between ideals and reality
5 do the splits to spread your legs wide apart so that your legs touch the floor along their whole length
—see also: banana split

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Split — Split …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • SPLIT — (also Spliet; It. Spalato; in Jewish sources אישפלטרא), Adriatic port in Croatia. A Jewish community with a cemetery existed in nearby Salona (now Solin) in the third century C.E. When Salona was destroyed by the Avars in 641, the Jews seem to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • split — (v.) 1580s, from M.Du. splitten, from P.Gmc. *spl(e)it (Cf. Dan., Fris. splitte, O.Fris. splita, Ger. spleißen to split ), from PIE * (s)plei to split, splice (see FLINT (Cf. flint)). Meaning leave, depart first recorded 1954, U.S. slang. Of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Split — (spl[i^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Split} ({Splitted}, R.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Splitting}.] [Probably of Scand. or Low German origin; cf. Dan. splitte, LG. splitten, OD. splitten, spletten, D. splijten, G. spleissen, MHG. spl[=i]zen. Cf. {Splice},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Split — (spl[i^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Split} ({Splitted}, R.); p. pr. & vb. n. {Splitting}.] [Probably of Scand. or Low German origin; cf. Dan. splitte, LG. splitten, OD. splitten, spletten, D. splijten, G. spleissen, MHG. spl[=i]zen. Cf. {Splice},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Split — Split, n. 1. A crack, rent, or longitudinal fissure. [1913 Webster] 2. A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] 3. A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Split — Split, a. 1. Divided; cleft. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Divided deeply; cleft. [1913 Webster] 3. (Exchanges) (a) Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; said of an order, sale, etc. (b) Of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Split — /split/, n. a seaport in S Croatia, on the Adriatic: Roman ruins. 180,571. Italian, Spalato. * * * ancient Spalatum Seaport (pop., 2001: 188,694), Dalmatia, Croatia. The Romans established the colony of Salonae nearby in 78 BC, and the emperor… …   Universalium

  • split — ► VERB (splitting; past and past part. split) 1) break forcibly into parts. 2) divide into parts or groups. 3) (often split up) end a marriage or other relationship. 4) (be splitting) informal (of one s head) suffering great pain from a he …   English terms dictionary

  • split — [split] vt. split, splitting [MDu splitten, akin to MHG splīzen < IE base * (s)plei , to split, crack > FLINT] 1. to separate, cut, or divide into two or more parts; cause to separate along the grain or length; break into layers 2. to break …   English World dictionary